Presiding Deity Of Time
"Anaadi-nidhanam Vishnum Sarva-loka Maheshwaram Loka-adhyaksham Sthuvan-nityam Sarvaduhkhajito bhavet.
'Anaadi-nidhanam' is a name attributed to God in relation to time. 'Sarva-loka Maheshwaram' signifies that God is the illuminating overlord of the all the worlds. 'Loka-adhyaksham sthuvan-nityam", He is the presiding ruler of the cosmos. Who is He? He is the Sun. Time is marked by the Sun. Hence, the Sun is the visible manifestation of God. He is the effulgence that is common to all nations, all creeds and all people. Hence, Shankar hailed the Sun as 'Anaadi-nidhanam Vishnum', the presiding deity for the year ('Samvatsarara') as the overlord of time. 'Samvatsara' is the appellation given to the Time-spirit (Kaalaatmakaaya). Because the Lord is the very soul of time, Shankara described Him as 'Kaalaatmakaaya namah' (Prostration to the One who is the Spirit of Time)." Sai Baba. SS. 4/96, p 85
The Cycle Of Yugas
"This day is called Yugadi. It is related to the Krita, Treta, Dwaapara and Kali Yugas. These Yugas are believed to last some thousands of years. But they are continually coming in a cycle like days of the week. Nor should they be considered as coming one after the other, after long durations. If the matter is properly examined, it will be found that Yugas appear in a cycle every day. From 4 a.m. to 12 noon, it is Krita Yuga. During this period, man can devote himself to Dharma (envisaged as an animal with four feet). From 12 noon to evening 6 p.m., it is Treta Yuga. During this period, Dharma is said to 'have lost one of its legs. This means that a part of the powers in man has been lost. During this period, Dharma survives on three legs. From 6 p.m. to 12 midnight, it is Dwapara Yuga, during which Dharma has only two legs. This means that man's capacities have suffered a further decline and only the Manomaya and Vijnanamaya capacities are present. From midnight to 4 a.m., it is Kali Yuga. In this period, Dharma has only one leg to stand on. Dharma, in this period, means to be plunged in sleep, oblivious to everything else. There are four goals (Purushaartha) in life for man: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. In the period from 4 a.m. to 12 noon, man has the capacity to pursue all the four Purushaarthas.
In giving the duration of the different Yugas and estimating the life of Brahma (the Creator) in terms of the Yugas, the scriptures have given the life-span of Brahma as extending over many crores (millions) of years. As these crores (millions) convey no meaning by themselves, scriptures have described Brahma as 'Anaadi' (beginningless). Scientists today are trying to fix a date for the beginning of creation. Instead of declaring that creation began so many billions of years ago, is it not more sensible to say that it is 'Anaadi' (beginningless)? If Brahma is described as "Anaadi', it is treated as a superstition, but if some fabulous date is given, it becomes science. This passes for knowledge today. These are futile exercises. What is relevant today for man is the awareness of the changes taking place in a single day." Sai Baba; SS, 4/91, pp. 96 & "The Kali Yuga is a measure of time. It constitutes a measure for measuring the Krita Yuga, the Dwapara Yuga and the Treta Yuga. There are certain rules prescribed for the use of this measure of time. The measure of time for Kali Yuga is four lakhs thirty-two thousand years (4,32,000 years). The Dwapara Yuga is two times of this unit or 8.64,000 years. The Treta Yuga is three times or 12,96,000 years. The Krita Yuga is four times or 17,28,000 years. The period that consists of all these four Yugas together is described as Maha Yuga. The Maha Yuga therefore has 43,20.000 years. The difference between the duration of a Kali Yuga and that of a Maha Yuga’s the addition of an extra zero to the former at the end. Just as the days, months and seasons repeat again and again, the Yugas also repeat again and again periodically. During the confluence of these Yugas and at the time of transition from one to another, various components of creation (such as) mountains, rivers, habitations etc. undergo major changes. The aspect of Dharma also changes when Yuga changes. As a result of these changes, several good things might change into evil." Sai Baba, Summer Showers, 1978, p. 13
"We should not think that Avatar of Rama or of Krishna are confined to the Dwapara Yuga or the Treta Yuga. They always come in all the Yugas and help humanity. After this Kali Yuga, there will be another Mahayuga and the Dwapara Yuga. Dwapara Yuga and Treta Yuga will repeat themselves and the aspects of Rama and Krishna will come again. This is the manner in which events and situations will come in a cyclical form. If we have Tuesday which comes to us today, the same Tuesday will come again on the eighth day from now. It is not right to think that this is a different or a new Tuesday. The same Tuesday is coming again. What we call the rainy season now, will come again after a year It is not an entirely different season, the season is coming again." Sai Baba, Summer Showers. 1978, p. 30
"Today (26 March 2001) starts a New Year (of Yugadi). According to the Indian calendar, there are 60 years in a cycle after which the cycle repeats itself. The names of these are Prabhava, Vibhava, Shukia, Pramoduta, Prajotpatthi, Angiras, Srimukta, Bhava, Yuva, Dhathu, Eeswara, Bahudhanya, Pramadhi, Vikrama, Vrisha, Chitrabhanu, Subhanu, Dharana, Parthiva, etc. These, in fact, are the names of the children of Narada. As Narada desired that the names of his children should become eternal, the years have been named thus. Narada was a great devotee of Vishnu. He chanted His Name incessantly. Where ever he went, he kept chanting the Name of God." Sai Baba, SS, 4/2001. p. 104